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Specific advice on including participants with visual impairments in livelihoods programming

  • Orient the participant to the buildings and other important rooms such as restrooms. This can be done by the help of a personal assistant, peers or wardens, among others.
  • Determine what types of assistive technology, if any, the individual will bring with him or her (e.g., a tape recorder, Perkins Brailler or slate, laptop, etc.).
  • Determine how the participant with visual impairment prefers to receive and give/send information. Is it in digital/soft copy or large print or braille etc.
  • Determine what modifications need to be made in the physical space the participant uses such as obstacle-free pathways, among others.
  • Determine if the participant can move around independently or what assistance they need.
  • Tell the participant who he or she may turn to when help is needed. This can be a peer, family member, personal assistant, and any other responsible persons within the programme structures.
  • For participants with low vision/ partial sight, seat them in the front row or at a point where they can see what is going on.
  • Put back material in the same place as this will enable participants with visual impairments to easily locate them in case of need.
  • Ensure the room is quiet. Persons with visual impairments(B1) use listening more and this can only be facilitated by a quiet environment.
  • Give more time for practical exercises and give more opportunity to practice if this is needed.

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